☆To Sherlock Holmes she is always the woman. I have seldom heard him mention her under any other name.
１、 seldom 「ほとんど～ない」
very rarely or almost never
３、under one's name 「～の名前で」
☆In his eyes she eclipses and predominates the whole of her sex.
if one type of person or thing predominates in a group or area, there are more of this type than any other
☆It was not that he felt any emotion akin to love for Irene Adler.
６、It was not that ～ 「～というわけではなかった」
７、akin to ～ 「～と同種の」
very similar to something
☆All emotions, and that one particularly, were abhorrent to his cold, precise but admirably balanced mind.
８、be abhorrent to 「～にとって許しがたい」